Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj

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Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj (IAST: Kṛpālu; 5 October 1922 – 15 November 2013)[4] the fifth original Jagadguru in Indian history, the embodiment of the nectar of divine love, was one of the foremost rasik saints who showered the bliss of raganuga bhakti on souls the world over.[5] [6][7][8] Supreme Spiritual Master of the World, Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj was the Descension of Divine Love and Bliss, Propounder of Eternal Vedic Philosophy and Reconciler of all Philosophies.

Jagadguru Shrī

Kripālu

Jī Mahārāj
Photograph of Kripalu wearing an orange robe
Jagadguru Shrī Kripalu Ji Maharaj
Personal
Born
Rām Kripālu Tripathī

(1922-10-05)5 October 1922[1][2]
Mangarh, Pratapgarh
Died15 November 2013(2013-11-15) (aged 91)[1][2]
New Delhi, Delhi, India
ReligionHinduism
NationalityIndian
Home townMangarh, Pratapgarh
LineageBhakti yoga, Chaitanya's tradition[3]
Notable work(s)Prem Ras Sidhhant, Prem Ras Madira, Shyama Shyam Geet, Radha Govind Geet, Braj Ras Madhuri Part 1-4, Yugal Shatak, Yugal Ras, Yugal Madhuri, Bhakti Shatak, Radha Trayodashi, Kripalu Trayodashi
Temple
Religious career
Based inMangarh, Pratapgarh
Period in office1957–2013
PostShrimat Padavyakya Pramana Paravarina, Vedamarga-Pratisthapan Acharya, Nikhildarshan Samanvayacharya, Sanatana Vadic Dharma Pratishthapana Satsampradaya Paramacharya, Bhaktiyoogarasavatar, Bhafavadananta Shri Vibhushita Jagadguruttam
WebsiteOfficial website
Sanskrit name
Sanskritकृपालु जी महाराज

He was the founder of Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat (JKP), a worldwide Hindu non-profit organization with five main ashrams;[9] four in India and one in the United States.[10]

He was awarded the title of Jagadguru (world teacher) at the age of 34 by Kashi Vidvat Parishat (Body of 500 topmost revered scholars of Vedic literature who collectively represented the seat of spiritual learning) on Makar Sankranti, 14 January 1957.[6][11][12] After Jagadguru Shree Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Nimbarkacharya and Madhavacharya, Jagadguru Shree Kripalu Ji Maharaj was the fifth original Jagadguru.

He delivered innumerable spiritual discourses throughout his life. His unique speeches enthralled everyone, leaving even devout scholars speechless. He revealed thousands of devotional songs that evoke intense sentiments of love for God. His literary works explain the philosophy of the Vedas and scriptures in a simple, practical, and logical manner inspiring countless people to traverse the path of selfless devotion

He was God realised saint whose entire life was dedicated to inspiring souls to the path of devotion to God. He reconciled the apparent contradictions between the various Vedic scriptures, and the differences between the views of the previous Jagadgurus, to reveal the true path to God-realisation for the welfare of all humankind. He further presented the Sanatan Vedic Dharma in a manner which was uncomplicated and easy to follow for everyone.

Early life

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu ji Maharaj was born on auspicious night of Sharad Purnima, the full moon on the month of Sharad (5 October 1922),[1][2] in Mangarh district Pratapgarh, close to the holy city of Prayag (Allahabad), in India.[8][11] He received his preliminary education in Hindi and Sanskrit in the local school. He went on to study advanced Sanskrit and Ayurved in Ashtang Ayurved College, Lokmanya Nagar, Indore and Varanasi and spent a year or more around Chitrakoot.[6] He completed much of his scholastic duties at the early age of 15, earning his degree in sanskrit literature & history as Vyakaranachrya (Master of Sanskrit Grammar). He had also been awarded the degree of Kavyatirtha in 1942, Also received his degree as Ayurved Acharya (Master of Ayurved) from Delhi Vidyapeet in 1943 and Sahitya Acharya (Master of History) from Calcutta Vidyapeet. After completing his formal education, at the age of 16, he entered into self-imposed vanvas.[6] He found his way to Vrindavan and the next year he emerged as a Guru of the lineage of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (Gaudiya Vaishnavism),[11][3] known affectionately as Shri Maharaj Ji.[11] When he was 17 years old, he led a 6-month continuous chanting of the "Maha Mantra".[11]

Jagadguru

 
Receiving the title of Jagadguru from the scholars of Kashi Vidvat Parishad (false colour)

In 1955 Kripalu Ji organized a religious convention for prominent spiritual leaders[13] in India.[14] Mahamahopadhyay Giridhar Sharma, President of the Kashi Vidvat Parishat had also come and was impressed by Kripalu's scriptural knowledge.[14][15] Kripalu was invited to give discourse at the Kashi Vidvat Parishat in 1957.[14][16]

The congregation had scholars from Varanasi and other parts of India.[14] His speeches lasted for seven days, after which he was formally installed as the fifth Jagadguru ("world teacher").[14][17] He was 34 years old when given the title on 14 January 1957,[12] by the Kashi Vidvat Parishat, a group of Hindu scholars.[11][17][18] The Kashi Vidvat Parishat also conferred on him the titles Bhaktiyog-Ras-Avtar and Jagadguruttam.[19]

Shri Kripalu Ji was given the title of Jagadguru in 1957,[20] prior to him there were four original Jagadgurus i.e. Śrīpāda Śaṅkarācārya (788–820), Śrīpāda Rāmānujācārya (1017–1137), Śrī Nimbārkācārya and, Śrīpāda Madhvācārya (1239–1319),[6][12] he was known as the "fifth original Jagadguru". He was also awarded, by the Kashi Vidvat Parishat, the title Samanvaya-Acharya, i.e., He analyses and reconciles the meaning of all the scriptures, the six philosophies and the (seemingly contradictory) teachings of other previous Jagadgurus.[21] After being awarded Jagadguruttam (the foremost among Jagadgurus), he spent most of the initial years in Agra. Prem Ras Sidhhant and Prem Ras Madira were also written during that phase of his life, which extends from late 1950s to 1970s.


Accolades By Kashi Vidvat Parishat

Shrimatpadavakya - pramanaparavarina

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj not only validated His teachings and discourses to be the only true eternal philosophy of God by citing the Vedas and the Vedic Scriptures, but He also revealed and explained the facts and intricate secrets buried in these Divine Scriptures in the simplest manner through everyday examples experienced by individual souls, that would otherwise be incomprehensible for an ordinary person.

Vedmargpratisthapanacharya

The Vedas are the topmost treasure amongst all scriptures in the Hindu religion and are eternal, boundless and are in fact the Divine words of God Himself. Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj manifested the quintessence of all Vedic Scriptures by revealing and establishing the easiest path to God Realisation – the true goal of every individual soul.

Sanatanavaidikadharma - pratishthapanasatsampradaya - paramacharya

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj neither made any disciples nor did He form any ethnic group. With due respect to all existing philosophies and religions in the world today, He established selfless devotion to Radha-Krishna as the only true eternal path for the individual souls to attain the ultimate goal of life – God Realisation.

Nikhiladarshana - samanvayacharya

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj validated all existing philosophies of Spiritual Masters from the past, and at the same time, He presented His own philosophy in the simplest form, which reconciled all contradictory viewpoints and discrepancies found in the existing philosophies and scriptural teachings.

Bhaktiyogarasavatar

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj not only had complete authority over the Vedas and the Vedic Scriptures, but was also the embodiment of Divine Love Bliss, and hence was honoured with the title of “Bhaktiyogarasavatar”. In the current dark age (Kaliyuga), He made the Divine Love of Radha-Krishna flow into even the most sinful hearts, proving Him to be Bhaktiyogarasavatar (an embodiment of Divine Love Bliss).

Works

Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat

Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat (JKP) is a charitable religious organization in India. It was established in 1970 by Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj. it works tirelessly to disseminate the teachings of Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj throughout the world.

Philosophical books

  • Prem Rasa Siddhant (ISBN 978-93-80661-35-3) – The philosophy of Divine love.[22][23] It was first published (in Hindi) in 1955.[14] Later, it was published is several other languages of India. It has been described as an "incredible book" by Swami Sivananda among others.
  • Bhakti Shatak (ISBN 978-93-80661-26-1) – The concise philosophy of the Upaniṣats, Gītā, Brahma sūtras and the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam in an easy to understand style.[11][24]
  • Radha Govind Geet (ISBN 978-81-90966-16-0) – Printed in two volumes, with eleven thousand one hundred and eleven couplets of Radha Krishna leelas and the devotional philosophy.[25]
  • Ras Panchadhyayi (ISBN 978-93-80661-15-5) – Represents a series of discourses given on the esoteric of subject of Raas Leela.[26]

Kirtans

Teachings

According to Jagadguru Shri Kripalu ji Maharaj, "the desired goal of the soul is to attain the selfless Divine love of Radha Krishna who are eternally related to you".[14] He taught that Radha Krishna are the supreme 'form' of God and the 'form' of Divine Love and are eternally related to us.[11]

TV discourses

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj's discourses are broadcast daily on several religious TV channels, including DD India, Aastha TV, Sadhna TV, IBN 7, News24 and Sanskar TV.[32][33][34] In the United States, his discourses are also broadcast everyday on TV Asia.[35] In his TV discourses, Kripalu ji quotes the chapter and verse of almost everything he cites from the scriptures.[36]

YouTube channel

Two of his longest lecture series are available on the official YouTube channel, JKP Vedic:[37]

  • Brahm Jeev Maya Tattva Gyan[38]
  • Main Kaun Mera Kaun[39]
  • Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj - Official[40]

Ashrams and temples

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj was the founder and preceptor of Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat (JKP), a worldwide Hindu non-profit religious organization with four main ashrams in India, (Rangeeli Mahal, Barsana; Bhakti Dham, Mangarh; Shyama Shyam Dham, Vrindavan and Jagadguru Dham, Vrindavan) and one in the USA (Radha Madhav Dham, Austin).[9] Besides these 5 main ashrams, Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat has established a number of teacher centres in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Fiji Island, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Nepal, Ireland, Scotland, Singapore, Trinidad, West Indies, United Kingdom and in many cities throughout India and USA.[41] The organization also publishes a Hindi magazine, Sadhan Sadhya, three times a year,[42] as well as a monthly newsletter.[43]

He also established three temples.[44] – Shri Raseshwari Radha Rani Temple, Austin;[10] Bhakti Mandir, Mangarh; Prem Mandir, Vrindavan[45][46]

Bhakti Mandir Mangarh

Bhakti Mandir Mangarh is a Hindu Temple located in tehsil Kunda district Pratapgarh.This divine temple was established by the Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj in November 2005. It is maintained by Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat, a non-profit, charitable, educational and spiritual organisation.

Prem Mandir

Prem Mandir is a religious and spiritual complex in Vrindavan. Construction of Prem Mandir began in January 2001 and the inauguration ceremony took place from 15 to 17 February 2012. The temple was opened to public on 17 February 2012. The cost was 150 crore rupees ($23 million).[47] 30,000 tons of Italian marble, carved with specialized KUKA robotic machines, have been used in the construction. The presiding deity are Shri Radha Govind (Radha Krishna) and Shri Sita Ram.[48] A 73,000 square feet, pillar-less, dome shaped satsang hall is being constructed next to Prem Mandir, which will accommodate 25,000 people at a time.[46]

Kirti Mandir Barsana

Kirti Mandir is dedicated to Divine mother of Shri Radharani, Kirti Mayia Mandir is unique in its own way located at Barsana, the only temple on the world having the glimpses of Shri Radharani in the lap of Kirti Mother. The temple is constructed under the guidance of Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj.

Radha Madhav Dham

JKP Radha Madhav Dham is one of the largest Hindu Temple complexes in the Western Hemisphere,[49] and the largest in North America.[50][51][52] Archived 18 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine

Ashrams
 
Prem Mandir, Vrindavan
 
Bhakti Mandir, Mangarh
 
Bhakti Bhawan, Mangarh
 
Kirti Mandir , Barsana

Philanthropic activities

Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj established three free hospitals.[6][53][54][55] The Jagadguru Kripalu Chikitsalaya, Mangarh, the Jagadguru Kripalu Chikitsalaya (Barsana), and the Jagadguru Kripalu Chikitsalaya (Vrindavan) are serving rural populations of 1,000,000 within their catchment radius of 80–100 km each and each treating 600–700 patients daily. The expenses are all borne by Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat.[56] A secular educational Institution is being financed and run by Kripalu's educational trust, Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat Education (JKP Education), which provides underprivileged women and girls free education up to post graduation level.[57] JKP Education runs three colleges for girls in Kunda, Uttar Pradesh (Kripalu Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Kripalu Balika Primary School and Kripalu Balika Intermediate College).[58][59] Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat also donates money for disaster relief,[57][60] including Rs. 10 lacs for the aid of Bhuj earthquake victims in 2001, Rs. 25 Lacs for tsunami victims in 2004 and again Rs. 2 Crore for Bihar flood victims in 2008.[57] In May 2013, Kripalu donated Rs.1 crore to the Chief Minister's Relief fund for the victims of the Uttarakhand floods.[61] In 2013, Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat Education president Vishakha Tripathi received the Rajiv Gandhi Excellence Award,[62] the Mother Teresa Excellence Award[63] and the Nari Shakti Award[63][64] for work providing free education to 5000 girls and women in rural India.[63]

Renditions

Renditions of Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj's bhajans and kirtans have been recorded by singers such as Manna Dey[65] and Anuradha Paudwal.[66] Anup Jalota,[67] Suresh Wadkar, Kavita Krishnamurthy have also agreed to release several CDs of his compositions.

References

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  60. ^ Contributions to PM's relief fund cross 200 crore mark. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
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  62. ^ Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat Education gets Rajiv Gandhi Global Excellence Award. IANS. 23 May 2013
  63. ^ a b c Trust honoured for educating the girl child Archived 23 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. IANS. 2 September 2013
  64. ^ Education trust of Jagadguru Kripalu Maharaj honoured. IANS. 11 May 2013
  65. ^ Kinnear, M. 1985. A discography of Hindustani and Karnatic music. Greenwood Press.
  66. ^ Video Keertans by Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  67. ^ Rang De with Anup Jalota at Radha Madhav Dham, Austin Archived 5 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine. 20 October 2011. Indo-American News. Retrieved 15 December 2011.

External links