Koichi Sugiyama

Koichi Sugiyama (すぎやま こういち, Sugiyama Kōichi, April 11, 1931 – September 30, 2021) was a Japanese composer, conductor, and orchestrator. He is known for composing the music for the Dragon Quest franchise, along with several other video games, anime, film, and television shows. Classically trained, he was considered a major inspiration for other Japanese game music composers and was active in composition and orchestration from the 1960s until his death from septic shock in 2021.

Koichi Sugiyama
すぎやま こういち
Sugiyama in 2011
Sugiyama in 2011
Background information
Birth name椙山 浩一
Born(1931-04-11)April 11, 1931
Tokyo, Japan
DiedSeptember 30, 2021(2021-09-30) (aged 90)
Tokyo, Japan
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Composer
  • conductor
  • orchestrator
Years active1968–2021
LabelsSUGI Label
Associated actsHayato Matsuo
WebsiteSugimania

Sugiyama was also a council member of the Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers, and Publishers (JASRAC), board member of the Japan Institute for National Fundamentals, and honorary chairman of the Japanese Backgammon Society. Prior to his death, he was given the Order of the Rising Sun and was named a Person of Cultural Merit by the Japanese government. He also engaged in activism outside of music, such as the denial of Japanese war crimes and the promotion of Japanese nationalism.

CareerEdit

Early life and television careerEdit

Sugiyama was born in Tokyo, Japan, on April 11, 1931.[1] While growing up, Sugiyama's home was filled with music, which ultimately inspired his passion. In high school, he began to write various small musical works.[2] He attended the University of Tokyo and graduated with full honors in 1958. He then went into the reporting and entertainment sections of Nippon Cultural Broadcasting.[2] He also joined Fuji TV as a director that same year.[2] He left the station in 1965 to become a freelance director and had quit directing and concentrated solely on musical composition and orchestration by 1968.[2]

During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Sugiyama composed for several musicals, commercials, pop artists, animated movies, and television shows, such as Science Ninja Team Gatchaman: The Movie, The Sea Prince and the Fire Child, and Cyborg 009. He also assisted Riichiro Manabe with the composition for Godzilla vs. Hedorah, composing the record single of the soundtrack and conducting for some of the tracks.[3]

Dragon Quest and other video gamesEdit

Sugiyama's first contact with Enix was by a fan letter he wrote them regarding a PC shogi game in the early 1980s. After Enix's staff overcame the shock of receiving a handwritten postcard from a celebrity of Sugiyama's stature, they were so impressed by his depth of knowledge and appreciation of games that they decided to ask Sugiyama to create music for their games. Sugiyama started composing for the PC-8801, and was working for Enix at the time. His first project with the company was the 1985 game World Golf. In 1986, he composed for his first major project, Dragon Quest.[4] His classical score for the game was considered revolutionary for console video game music.[5]

Sugiyama was the one of the first video game composers to record with a live orchestra. In 1986, the CD, Dragon Quest I Symphonic Suite, was released, utilizing the London Philharmonic Orchestra to interpret Sugiyama's melodies. The soundtrack's eight melodies (Opening, Castle, Town, Field, Dungeon, Battle, Final Battle, and Ending) set the template for most role-playing video game soundtracks released since then, many of which have been organized in a similar manner.[6]

In 1987, he composed for Dragon Quest II. Music from the first two Dragon Quest games was performed by one of first game music concerts, "Family Classic Concert". It was arranged and conducted by Sugiyama himself and was performed by the Tokyo String Music Combination Playing Group on August 20, 1987, at Suntory Hall in Tokyo. "Dragon Quest I Symphonic Suite" and "Dragon Quest II Symphonic Suite" were performed.[7] He subsequently held eighteen of them all across Japan.[8]

From 1987 to 1990, Sugiyama continued to compose for various other Enix games. In 1991, he introduced a series of video game music concerts, five in all, called the Orchestral Game Concerts, which were performed by the Tokyo City Philharmonic Orchestra and Tokyo Symphony Orchestra.[9] The performances included over eighteen different video game composers, such as Koji Kondo, Yoko Kanno, Nobuo Uematsu, Keiichi Suzuki, as well as Sugiyama himself. These concerts were held from 1991 to 1996; during this time, Sugiyama composed for other video games and arranged for some of them to be performed in the Orchestral Game Concerts.

In September 1995, Sugiyama composed the Dragon Quest Ballet. It premiered in 1996, and returned in 1997, 1999, 2001, and 2002.[2] During those years, he also released several Dragon Quest Symphonic Suites. In late 2004, he finished and released the Dragon Quest VIII soundtrack. In 2005, Sugiyama was holding a series of concerts in Japan with the Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra with music from Dragon Quest VIII, as well as his classic compositions from the past.[10] In August 2005, his music from Dragon Quest was performed live at the European Symphonic Game Music Concert, marking the first time that his music was performed by a live symphonic concert outside of Japan.[11] Sugiyama also composed the score for Dragon Quest X[12] and its expansions, as well as Dragon Quest XI.[13]

Sugiyama's non-work related hobbies include photography, traveling, building model ships,[14] collecting old cameras, and reading. He has opened a camera section on his website,[15] and he also has his own record label "SUGI Label" which he started on June 23, 2004.[16] Sugiyama also has completed other projects, such as the fanfares for the opening and closing of the gates in the Tokyo Race Track and the Nakayama Race Track. He was given the Order of the Rising Sun, 4th Class, by the Japanese government in 2018 before also being named a Person of Cultural Merit by them two years later.[17][18] He died from septic shock at the age of 90 on September 30, 2021.[19]

Throughout his work Sugiyama repeatedly used motifs to maintain a consistency and nostalgic quality in the different installments. Each of the Dragon Quest games include a nearly identical, upbeat theme track titled "Overture". Sugiyama's style of composition has been compared to late Baroque and early Classical period styles.[20]

Political activities and beliefsEdit

Sugiyama was a Nanjing Massacre denialist, stating that the facts regarding it are "selective in nature". He was one of the signatories on "The Facts", a full-page ad published by The Washington Post on June 14, 2007, which was written by a number of Japanese politicians and academics in response to the passing of United States House of Representatives House Resolution 121, which sought an official apology from the Government of Japan regarding their involvement of using "comfort women", which were women who were used as sexual slaves by Japanese soldiers during World War II.[21][22][23] Sugiyama was also a board member of the Japan Institute for National Fundamentals.[24]

In 2012, Sugiyama wrote an editorial saying that he thought Japan was in a state of "civil war between Japanese and anti-Japanese". Giving examples, he argued that the Japanese media portrayed acts of patriotism negatively, such as performing the National Anthem of Japan or raising the Japanese flag. In addition, he thought that the demands of the Japanese anti-nuclear movement, which grew following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of 2011, to immediately dismantle all nuclear energy facilities without offering any alternative solutions damaged the country's ability to defend itself.[25]

In 2015, Sugiyama made an appearance on the Japanese Culture Channel Sakura television program Hi Izuru Kuni Yori where he was shown agreeing with views shared by Japanese politician Mio Sugita who said there was no need for LGBT education in Japanese schools, as well as dismissing concerns about high suicide rates among the community. Sugiyama added that the lack of children born from LGBT couples was an important topic to discuss, also suggesting that Japan was more empowering to women than South Korea.[26][27] He later recanted his statement by saying that LGBT couples have existed throughout human history and he supported the use of governments to occasionally help them.[28]

WorksEdit

Video gamesEdit

Year Title Ref.
1985 World Golf [29]
1986 Wingman 2 [4]
Dragon Quest [4]
1987 Dragon Quest II [30]
Jesus [31]
Gandhara: Buddha no Seisen [31]
Animal Land Satsujin Jiken [32]
World Golf II [32]
Wingman Special: Saraba Yume Senshi [32]
1988 Dragon Quest III [30]
1989 Angelus: The Gospel on Evil [31]
Star Command: Kurayami no Shinryakusha [31]
1990 Dragon Quest IV [33]
46 Okunen Monogatari: The Shinka Ron [34]
World Golf III [32]
1991 Akagawa Jirou no Yuurei Ressha [31]
Jesus 2 [31]
Tetris 2 & BomBliss [31]
1992 Dragon Quest V [30]
Hanjyuku Hero: Aah Sekai yo Hanjuku Nare [31]
E.V.O.: Search for Eden [31]
1993 Monopoly [31]
Torneko no Daibōken: Fushigi no Dungeon [31]
1995 Mystery Dungeon: Shiren the Wanderer [31]
Dragon Quest VI [30]
1998 Dragon Quest Monsters [32]
1999 Torneko: The Last Hope [31]
2000 Dragon Quest VII [35]
Shiren the Wanderer 2 [31]
2001 Dragon Quest Monsters 2 [32]
Dragon Quest Characters: Torneko no Daibouken 2 Advance [32]
2002 Dragon Quest Characters: Torneko no Daibouken 3 [32]
2003 Slime Mori Mori Dragon Quest [32]
Dragon Quest Monsters: Caravan Heart [32]
2004 Dragon Quest VIII [36]
2005 Dragon Quest Heroes: Rocket Slime [32]
2006 Dragon Quest Monsters: Joker [32]
2009 Dragon Quest Wars [37]
Dragon Quest IX [38]
2010 Dragon Quest Monsters: Joker 2 [39]
2012 Dragon Quest X [12]
2015 Dragon Quest Heroes: The World Tree's Woe and the Blight Below [40]
2016 Dragon Quest Builders [41]
Dragon Quest Monsters: Joker 3 [42]
Dragon Quest Heroes II [43]
2017 Dragon Quest XI [13]
2018 Dragon Quest Builders 2 [44]
2020 Dragon Quest Tact [45]

Film and televisionEdit

Year Title Ref.
1967 Skyers 5[a] [31]
1971 Return of Ultraman[a] [31]
1976 Machine Hayabusa[a] [31]
1978 Science Ninja Team Gatchaman: The Movie [31]
1979 Cyborg 009 [31]
Jigoku no Mushi [46]
1980 Space Runaway Ideon [31]
Cyborg 009: Legend of the Super Galaxy [47]
1981 The Sea Prince and the Fire Child [31]
1983 The Yearling [31]
1989 Godzilla vs. Biollante [31]
1991 Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai [31]
Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai - The Great Adventure of Dai [48]
1992 Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai - Avan's Disciples [48]
Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai - Six Great Generals [48]
2019 Dragon Quest: Your Story [49]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Opening theme only
  1. ^ "すぎやまこういち". King Record Official Site (in Japanese). Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Koichi Sugiyama's Official Profile". Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2004.
  3. ^ "すぎやまこういち氏が9月30日に逝去、『ドラゴンクエスト』シリーズなどで多くの楽曲を手掛ける。90歳(電ファミニコゲーマー)". Yahoo!ニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Gifford, Kevin (February 24, 2010). "Dragon Quest Composer Reflects on 24 Years of Games: Kouichi Sugiyama on Japan's most recognized game music". 1up. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
  5. ^ Gifford, Kevin. "The Essential 50 Part 20 – Dragon Warrior". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
  6. ^ Patrick Gann. "The "Eight Melodies" Template: How Sugiyama Shaped RPG Soundtracks". RPGFan. Archived from the original on October 16, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  7. ^ "Koichi Sugiyama's Official Concert index". Archived from the original on August 20, 2006.
  8. ^ "Koichi Sugiyama's Official Family Classic Concerts Listing". Archived from the original on November 25, 2016.
  9. ^ "Unofficial Koichi Sugiyama Biography". Archived from the original on October 27, 2009.
  10. ^ "Koichi Sugiyama's Official Concert announcement page". Archived from the original on September 20, 2006.
  11. ^ "Symphonic Game Music Concert Official website". Archived from the original on February 14, 2005.
  12. ^ a b すぎやま氏「『DQX』の曲はかなりできあがりました」――恒例のコンサート前取材でコメント (in Japanese). Famitsu. October 7, 2011. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  13. ^ a b Alexandra, Heather (August 30, 2019). "I Keep Quitting Dragon Quest XI Thanks To Its Atrocious Music". Kotaku. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  14. ^ Nich Maragos (July 20, 2005). "Gaming's Rhapsody: First Movement". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2006.
  15. ^ "Koichi Sugiyama's Official camera page". Archived from the original on August 20, 2006.
  16. ^ "Koichi Sugiyama's Official SUGI Label page". Archived from the original on August 20, 2006.
  17. ^ McWhertor, Michael. "Dragon Quest composer Koichi Sugiyama dead at 90". Polygon. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  18. ^ Komatsu, Mikikazu. "Dragon Quest Composer Koichi Sugiyama Receives The Order of the Rising Sun Award". Crunchy Roll. Retrieved October 9, 2021.
  19. ^ "Koichi Sugiyama, Japanese composer of Dragon Quest, dies at 90". The Japan Times. Kyodo News. October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 9, 2021.
  20. ^ Gibbons, William (February 1, 2018). "8 Little Harmonic Labyrinths: Baroque musical style on the Nintendo Entertainment System". In Cook, James; Kolassa, Alexander; Whittaker, Adam (eds.). Recomposing the Past: Representations of Early Music on Stage and Screen. Routledge. ISBN 9781351975513. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  21. ^ "Signatories to the June 14th Washington Post "The Facts" Advertisement – Politicians, Professors, and Journalists" (PDF). July 25, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 9, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008.
  22. ^ "ワシントン・ポスト紙に「慰安婦意見広告」― その経緯と波紋 / SAFETY JAPAN [花岡 信昭氏] / 日経BP社". Archived from the original on July 19, 2011.
  23. ^ "The Complex Question". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009.
  24. ^ "Japan Institute for National Fundamentals". en.jinf.jp.
  25. ^ Nakamura, Toshi. "This Aged Right-Wing Japanese Composer Is Betting On The Internet Generation". Kotaku. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  26. ^ Loveridge, Lynzee; Sherman, Jennifer. "Square Enix Responds to Dragon Quest Composer's 2015 Anti-LGBTQ Statements". AnimeNewsNetwork. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  27. ^ Hart, Aimee (August 7, 2018). "Anti-LGBT Dragon Quest Composer Spurs Square Enix Response". Game Revolution. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  28. ^ Sugiyama, Koichi. "Koichi Sugiyama's official stance on LGBT". Sugimania.com (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 29, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  29. ^ MCV Staff (January 1, 2016). "Dragon Quest songwriter named as world's oldest games composer". MCV Develop. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  30. ^ a b c d Damien Thomas (2007). "Dragon Quest Game Music Super Collection Vol. 2". Archived from the original on August 19, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Greening, Chris (October 15, 2014). "Koichi Sugiyama Profile". Video Game Music Online. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Koichi Sugiyama :: Game Projects". Square Enix Music Online. January 1, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  33. ^ Lucy Rzeminski, Lucy (January 1, 2007). "Dragon Quest IV soundtrack". RPGfan. Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  34. ^ "Symphonic Synth Suite 46okunen Monogatari -THE Shinkaron-". Video Game Music Database. June 29, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  35. ^ Gann, Patrick. "Dragon Quest VII ~Warriors of Eden~ on Piano". RPGFan. Retrieved January 11, 2009.
  36. ^ Wilson, Mike (2005). "Dragon Quest VIII OST". RPGfan.com. Retrieved October 6, 2009.
  37. ^ McFerran, Damien (May 18, 2009). "Square Enix Confirms Dragon Quest Wars For DSiWare". NintendoLife. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
  38. ^ Nunneley, Stephany (July 22, 2009). "Dragon Quest IX music composer gets angry when games are pirated". VG247. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  39. ^ Riley, Adam (July 25, 2011). "Dragon Quest Monsters: Joker 2 (Hands-On) (Nintendo DS) Preview". Cubed3. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  40. ^ Seto, Dan (February 25, 2015). "Dragon Quest Heroes Coming to PS4 in 2015". PlayStation Blog. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  41. ^ Roberts, David; Loveridge, Sam (February 7, 2018). "Dragon Quest Builders Review: "The Minecraft/Zelda Hybrid You Still Didn't Know You Needed"". Gamesradar. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  42. ^ Masem, Matt (September 6, 2018). "Dragon Quest Monsters: Joker 3 Import Review". RPGamer. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  43. ^ Romano, Sal (April 1, 2015). "Dragon Quest Heroes II announced for PS4, PS3, and PS Vita". Gematsu. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  44. ^ Hamilton, Andi (July 11, 2019). "Review: Dragon Quest Builders 2 Is a Perfect Sequel". Video Games Chronicle. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  45. ^ Romano, Sal (February 5, 2020). "Tactical RPG Dragon Quest Tact announced for iOS, Android". Gematsu. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
  46. ^ "すぎやまこういち*, 東京八重奏団* – 組曲「地獄の蟲」= Suite Jigoku No Mushi". Discogs. January 1, 2020. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  47. ^ "すぎやまこういち* – サイボーグ009 超銀河伝説". Discogs. January 1, 2020. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  48. ^ a b c Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (February 9, 2015). The Anime Encyclopedia, 3rd Revised Edition. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 9781611729092. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  49. ^ Antonio Pineda, Rafael. "Dragon Quest: Your Story CG Anime Film Reveals 5 Character Roles". Anime News Network. Retrieved July 28, 2019.

External linksEdit