At the end of each FIFA World Cup final tournament, several awards are presented to the players and teams which have distinguished themselves in various aspects of the game.
There are currently five post-tournament awards, and one given during the tournament:
- the Golden Ball (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Ball") for best player, first awarded in 1982;
- the Golden Boot (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Boot", previously known as the "adidas Golden Shoe" from 1982 to 2006) for top goal scorer, first awarded in 1982;
- the Golden Glove Award (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Glove"; previously known as the "Lev Yashin Award" from 1994 to 2006) for best goalkeeper, first awarded in 1994;
- the Best Young Player (currently commercially termed as "Hyundai Best Young Player") award for best player under 21 years of age at the start of the calendar year, first awarded in 2006;
- the FIFA Fair Play Trophy for the team that advanced to the second round with the best record of fair play, first awarded in 1970;
- the Man of the Match Award (currently commercially termed as "Budweiser Man of the Match") for outstanding performance during each game of the tournament, first awarded in 2002;
- the Goal of the Tournament, as determined by a poll of the general public, first awarded in 2006;
- the Most Entertaining Team award for the team that has entertained the public the most, during the World Cup final tournament, as determined by a poll of the general public.
One other awards was given between 1994 and 2006:
- an All-Star Team comprising the best players of the tournament chosen by the technical study group.
From 2010 onwards, all Dream Teams or statistical teams are unofficial, as reported by FIFA itself.
The Golden Ball award is presented to the best player at each FIFA World Cup finals, with a shortlist drawn up by the FIFA technical committee and the winner voted for by representatives of the media. Those who finish as runners-up in the vote receive the Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the second and third most outstanding players in the tournament respectively. The current award was introduced in the 1982 FIFA World Cup, sponsored by Adidas and France Football.
In July 1978, a panel of 23 international experts which consisted of critics, coaches, and former players each chose the five best players of the 1978 tournament. Mario Kempes got the most votes as a result of the counting. FIFA website and RSSSF also mentioned Kempes as a Golden Ball winner. The FIFA website and RSSSF only mention Dirceu as the Bronze Ball winner, even though Dirceu and Hans Krankl had the same amount of top five finishes.
|World Cup||Winner||Runner-up||Third place|
|1978 Argentina||Mario Kempes||Paolo Rossi||Dirceu|
Notable former selectionsEdit
Authoritative football historian and statistician Ejikeme Ikwunze, popularly called "Mr. Football", published a list of the best players in his book World Cup (1930-2010): A Statistical Summary, and it gained the most attention among experts' selections about the best players until 1974. This work is part of the official FIFA library and received public recognition from his former presidents Joao Havelange and Joseph Blatter. Sports Illustrated and a writer Nick Holt also reported the same list. A considerable number of other media including FIFA website agreed in several cases such as José Nasazzi, Leônidas, Zizinho, Didí, Garrincha, Bobby Charlton, Pelé (Gold and Silver Ball), Johan Cruyff, Franz Beckenbauer (Silver Ball), Josef Masopust (Silver Ball), Fritz Walter (Bronze Ball), György Sárosi (Bronze Ball) and Eusébio (Bronze Ball). The FIFA website lists Sándor Kocsis as the 1954 Golden Ball winner.
|World Cup||Winner||Runner-up||Third place|
|1930 Uruguay||José Nasazzi||Guillermo Stábile||José Leandro Andrade|
|1934 Italy||Giuseppe Meazza||Matthias Sindelar||Oldrich Nejedly|
|1938 France||Leonidas da Silva||Silvio Piola||György Sárosi|
|1950 Brazil||Zizinho||Juan Alberto Schiaffino||Obdulio Varela|
|1954 Switzerland||Ferenc Puskas||Sandor Kocsis||Fritz Walter|
|1958 Sweden||Didí||Pelé||Just Fontaine|
|1962 Chile||Garrincha||Josef Masopust||Leonel Sánchez|
|1966 England||Bobby Charlton||Bobby Moore||Eusébio|
|1970 México||Pelé||Gérson||Gerd Müller|
|1974 West Germany||Johan Cruyff||Franz Beckenbauer||Kazimierz Deyna|
On August 2nd 1950 the German newspaper Kicker (then Sport-Magazin) published an article, written by Dr. Friedebert Becker, in which Dr. Becker chose in his opinion the best players of the tournament.
|World Cup||Winner||Runner-up||Third place|
|1950 Brazil||Zizinho||Alcides Ghiggia||Ademir|
France Football, the sponsor of Golden Ball and Ballon d'Or, selected the best player of the 1966 FIFA World Cup at that time with L'Équipe, and Bobby Charlton became the winner. The FIFA website also seems to agree on Bobby Charlton winning the Golden Ball and Eusébio winning the Bronze Ball.
|World Cup||Winner||Runner-up||Third place||Fourth place|
|1966 England||Bobby Charlton||Franz Beckenbauer||Eusébio||Valery Voronin|
In 1998 the Argentinian newspaper Clarín provided a brief description of each star player dating back to 1930. Some are controversial decisions as is the case with retrospective awards. The 1998 winner was awarded after the tournament ended.
|1930 Uruguay||José Nasazzi|
|1934 Italy||Giuseppe Meazza|
|1938 France||Leonidas da Silva|
|1950 Brazil||Obdulio Varela|
|1954 Switzerland||Ferenc Puskas|
|1966 England||Franz Beckenbauer|
|1974 West Germany||Johan Cruyff|
|1978 Argentina||Mario Kempes|
|1982 Spain||Paolo Rossi|
|1986 Mexico||Diego Maradona|
|1990 Italy||Diego Maradona|
|1998 France||Zinedine Zidane|
The Golden Boot or Golden Shoe Award goes to the top goalscorer of the FIFA World Cup. While every World Cup had a ranking of the goalscorers, the first time an award was given was in 1982, under the name Golden Shoe. It was rechristened Golden Boot in 2010. FIFA sometimes lists the top goalscorers of previous Cups among the Golden Boot winners.
If there is more than one player with the same number of goals, since 1994 the tie-breaker goes to the player with fewer goals scored from penalties, then next tie breaker goes to the person with more assists - with the FIFA Technical Study Group deciding whether an assist is to be counted as such. If there is still more than one player, the tie-breaker since 2006 goes to the player who has played the least amount of time, which translates to a higher goal average.
|World Cup||Top goalscorer||Goals||Runners-up||Goals||Third place||Goals|
|1930 Uruguay||Guillermo Stábile||8||Pedro Cea||5||Bert Patenaude||4|
|1934 Italy||Oldřich Nejedlý||5[a]|| Edmund Conen
|1938 France||Leônidas||7[b]|| György Sárosi
|1950 Brazil||Ademir||8[c]||Óscar Míguez|| Alcides Ghiggia
|1954 Switzerland||Sándor Kocsis||11|| Josef Hügi
|1958 Sweden||Just Fontaine||13|| Pelé|
|1962 Chile|| Flórián Albert
|1966 England||Eusébio||9||Helmut Haller||6|| Valeriy Porkujan
|1970 Mexico||Gerd Müller||10||Jairzinho||7||Teófilo Cubillas||5|
|1974 West Germany||Grzegorz Lato||7|| Andrzej Szarmach
|1978 Argentina||Mario Kempes||6||Teófilo Cubillas||Rob Rensenbrink||5|
|World Cup||Golden Shoe||Goals||Silver Shoe||Goals||Bronze Shoe||Goals|
|1982 Spain||Paolo Rossi||6||Karl-Heinz Rummenigge||5||Zico||4|
|1986 Mexico||Gary Lineker||6|| Emilio Butragueño
|1990 Italy||Salvatore Schillaci||6||Tomáš Skuhravý||5|| Roger Milla
|1994 United States|| Oleg Salenko[d]
| Kennet Andersson
|1998 France||Davor Šuker||6|| Gabriel Batistuta
|2002 South Korea/Japan||Ronaldo||8[h]|| Miroslav Klose
|2006 Germany||Miroslav Klose||5||Hernán Crespo||3[i]||Ronaldo||3[i]|
|World Cup||Golden Boot||Goals||Silver Boot||Goals||Bronze Boot||Goals|
|2010 South Africa||Thomas Müller||5[j]||David Villa||5[j]||Wesley Sneijder||5[j]|
|2014 Brazil||James Rodríguez||6||Thomas Müller||5|| Neymar
|2018 Russia||Harry Kane||6||Antoine Griezmann||4[l]||Romelu Lukaku||4[l]|
The Golden Glove Award is awarded to the best goalkeeper of the tournament. The award was introduced with the name Lev Yashin Award in 1994, in honor of the late Soviet goalkeeper. It was rechristened Golden Glove in 2010. The FIFA Technical Study Group recognises the top goalkeeper of the tournament based on the player's performance throughout the final competition. Although goalkeepers have this specific award for their position, they are still eligible for the Golden Ball as well, as when Oliver Kahn was awarded in 2002. In the event of a tie, the Golden Glove Award goes to the goalkeeper who progressed furthest in the competition. The next tiebreakers are saves made, then minutes played.
|Lev Yashin Award|
|World Cup||Lev Yashin Award|
|1994 United States||Michel Preud'homme|
|1998 France||Fabien Barthez|
|2002 South Korea/Japan||Oliver Kahn|
|2006 Germany||Gianluigi Buffon|
|World Cup||Golden Glove|
|2010 South Africa||Iker Casillas|
|2014 Brazil||Manuel Neuer|
|2018 Russia||Thibaut Courtois|
There was no official best goalkeeper award for the FIFA World Cup before 1994 but some blog level websites list Golden Glove winners starting from 1930. The list seems to match the All-Star team goalkeepers from different blog level websites and other unofficial All-Star teams. Other more official sources support some of these picks too.
Best Young Player AwardEdit
The Best Young Player award was awarded for the first time at the 2006 World Cup in Germany and given to Germany's Lukas Podolski. The award is given to the best player in the tournament who is at most 21 years old. For the 2018 World Cup, this meant that the player had to have been born on or after 1 January 1997. The election took place on FIFA's official World Cup website with the help of The FIFA Technical Study Group.
FIFA organised a survey on the Internet for users to choose the "best young player" of the World Cup, between 1958 and 2002, named the best young player of each tournament. With 61% of the overall vote, the winner was Pelé, who finished ahead of the Peruvian Teófilo Cubillas, the best young player at Mexico 1970, and England's Michael Owen, who reached similar heights at France 98.
|World Cup||Best Young Player||Age|
|1962 Chile||Flórián Albert||20|
|1966 England||Franz Beckenbauer||20|
|1970 Mexico||Teófilo Cubillas||21|
|1974 West Germany||Władysław Żmuda||20|
|1978 Argentina||Antonio Cabrini||20|
|1982 Spain||Manuel Amoros||21|
|1986 Mexico||Enzo Scifo||20|
|1990 Italy||Robert Prosinečki||21|
|1994 United States||Marc Overmars||20|
|1998 France||Michael Owen||18|
|2002 South Korea/Japan||Landon Donovan||20|
|2006 Germany||Lukas Podolski||21|
|2010 South Africa||Thomas Müller||20|
|2014 Brazil||Paul Pogba||21|
|2018 Russia||Kylian Mbappé||19|
FIFA Fair Play TrophyEdit
The FIFA Fair Play Trophy is given to the team with the best record of fair play during the World Cup final tournament since 1970. Only teams that qualified for the second round are considered. The winners of this award earn the FIFA Fair Play Trophy, a diploma, a fair play medal for each player and official, and $50,000 worth of football equipment to be used for youth development.
The appearance of the award was originally a certificate. From 1982 to 1990, it had been a golden trophy based on Sport Billy, a football-playing cartoon character from 1982 who became an icon for FIFA Fair play. Ever since 1994, it is simply a trophy with an elegant footballer figure. Peru was the first nation to win the award after receiving no yellow or red cards in the 1970 FIFA World Cup held in Mexico.
Man of the MatchEdit
The Man of the Match award picks the outstanding player in every game of the tournament since 2002. While the inaugural two editions were chosen by the technical group, the Man of the Match is since 2010 picked by an online poll on FIFA's website.
|World Cup||Most Man of the Match wins||Wins|
|2002 South Korea/Japan||Rivaldo||3|
|2006 Germany||Andrea Pirlo||3|
|2010 South Africa||Wesley Sneijder||4|
|2014 Brazil||Lionel Messi||4|
|2018 Russia||Antoine Griezmann||3|
As of 15 July 2018
|Rank||Player||Country||MoM||WC with awards|
|1||Arjen Robben||Netherlands||6||2006, 2010, 2014|
|Cristiano Ronaldo||Portugal||2010, 2014, 2018|
|Lionel Messi||Argentina||2010, 2014, 2018|
|4||Luis Suárez||Uruguay||5||2010, 2014, 2018|
|5||Eden Hazard||Belgium||4||2014, 2018|
|Keisuke Honda||Japan||2010, 2014|
|James Rodríguez||Colombia||2014, 2018|
|Miroslav Klose||Germany||2002, 2006|
|Park Ji-sung||South Korea||2002, 2006, 2010|
|Thomas Müller||Germany||2010, 2014|
As of 15 July 2018
Most Entertaining TeamEdit
The FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team is a subjectively awarded prize for the team that had done the most to entertain the public with a positive approach to the game, organised through public participation in a poll starting in 1994.
|World Cup||Most Entertaining Team Award|
|1994 United States||Brazil|
|2002 South Korea/Japan||South Korea|
|2010 South Africa||Germany|
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals. Since 1994, FIFA decided to add official best squads, chosen by its technical group under the brand name MasterCard All-Star Team. For 1998, 2002 and 2006, substitute and reserve members were also nominated for full squads.
|1994 United States|
|2002 South Korea/Japan[b]|
- In addition to the 16 of the All-Star Team, six reserves were listed: Edwin van der Sar, Juan Sebastián Verón, Thierry Henry, Jay-Jay Okocha, Michael Owen, and Christian Vieri
- In addition to the 16 of the All-Star Team, seven reserves were listed: Iker Casillas, Cafu, Dietmar Hamann, Joaquín, Hidetoshi Nakata, Landon Donovan, and Marc Wilmots
FIFA published the first All-Star Team in 1938, but it never made All-Star Team again until 1990 due to ensuing complaints. In January 1959, the host of 1958 tournament Swedish Federation published an All-Star Team based on 720 answers out of 1,200 experts. In 1990 there was an All-Star Team announced in combination with the Golden Ball ceremony. It was chosen by the same journalists who chose the best player, but this team is still considered unofficial.
After FIFA changed its sponsor from MasterCard to Visa in 2007, it published Team of the Tournament based on statistical data of other sponsors, which evaluates players' performances. FIFA explained these are not official.
|2010 South Africa||Castrol performance index|
|2014 Brazil||Castrol performance index|
|2018 Russia||Fantasy football|
Since 2010, the fans' Dream Team has been voted by online poll of FIFA website, but FIFA explained this is also not official team.
|2010 South Africa|
Since the beginning many newspapers gave players points to players based on their performances at the World Cup. Some are based in statistics, but some were just rankings given by experts. Castrol Football has given retrospective rankings to players until 1966 with their expert panel consisting of people such as Cristiano Ronaldo, Arsène Wenger, Marcel Desailly, Cafu, Alan Shearer, Emilio Butragueño, Ronald Koeman, Pierluigi Collina, Ottmar Hitzfeld, Gary Bailey, Peter Stöger, Mohamed Al-Deayea and Stanislav Levý.
Selections by mediaEdit
Many different newspapers, sports journalists, managers and former players have picked their All-Star teams for the tournaments over the years. Newspapers which picked their All-Star teams include Sport-Magazin, Mundo Esportivo, France Football, Associated Press, Estadio, El Gráfico, Goles, Guerin Sportivo, Crónica, El Mercurio, La Prensa, Clarín, La Razón, El País, L'Équipe, Mundo Deportivo, De Volkskrant, La Gazzetta dello Sport, Don Balón, La Stampa, Kicker, Deporte Gráfico, Spotivo Sur, Match, Fußball Woche, Placar, Shoot!, BBC Sport, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Diario AS and Marca.
Sports journalists, managers and former players who picked their All-Star teams include Dr. Friedebert Becker, Gabriel Hanot, Enzo Bearzot, Pelé, Roberto Bettega, Eugenio Bersellini, Giovanni Trapattoni, Massimo Giacomini, Sandro Mazzola, Paolo Carosi, Jimmy Greaves, Pichi Alonso and Johan Cruyff.
Until 1990, FIFA did not publish the All-Star Team, but some blog level websites put up the list of best teams from 1930 edition to 1990 edition. According to them, a technical study group consisting of journalists - mostly from Europe and South America - and experts has historically chosen the team. However, this list lacks reliable sources to be recognized as awards. FIFA website mentioned Djalma Santos (1954, 1958, 1962), Franz Beckenbauer (1966, 1970, 1974), and Elías Figueroa (1974) as winners among the list, but it did not announce all winners.